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What is the difference between a diurnal and a nocturnal animal?

Diurnal animals are active during the day, while nocturnal animals are active at night.

Diurnal animals, such as birds, reptiles, and some mammals, have adapted to be active during the daylight hours. They have well-developed eyesight and colour vision, which helps them to find food and avoid predators. They also have a higher body temperature during the day, which allows them to be more active and use more energy. Diurnal animals often rest or sleep at night to conserve energy.

Nocturnal animals, such as owls, bats, and some rodents, have adapted to be active at night. They have well-developed senses of hearing, smell, and touch, which help them to navigate and find food in the dark. They also have a higher body temperature at night, which allows them to be more active and use more energy. Nocturnal animals often rest or sleep during the day to avoid predators and conserve energy.

Some animals, such as cats and foxes, are crepuscular, which means they are most active during dawn and dusk. This allows them to take advantage of the low light levels when their prey is most active. Other animals, such as sloths and koalas, are arboreal, which means they spend most of their time in trees. They may be active during the day or night, depending on their diet and the availability of food.

Understanding the activity patterns of animals is important for conservation and management. It can help us to protect and manage habitats, and to reduce the impact of human activities on wildlife.

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