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What is transpiration, and how does it relate to plant water uptake and transport?

Transpiration is the process by which water is lost from a plant through its leaves.

Plants require water for various functions, such as photosynthesis, nutrient uptake, and maintaining cell turgor. Water is absorbed by the roots and transported through the xylem to the leaves. Once in the leaves, water is lost through small pores called stomata. This loss of water vapour is known as transpiration.

Transpiration is driven by a combination of factors, including temperature, humidity, wind, and light intensity. As these factors change, so does the rate of transpiration. For example, on a hot, dry day, the rate of transpiration will be higher than on a cool, humid day.

Transpiration plays an important role in plant water uptake and transport. It creates a negative pressure gradient in the xylem, which pulls water up from the roots. This process is known as the transpiration pull. The water molecules are attracted to each other, forming a continuous column that extends from the roots to the leaves. This column of water is under tension, which allows it to be pulled up through the xylem.

In summary, transpiration is the loss of water vapour from a plant through its leaves. It is driven by environmental factors and plays a crucial role in plant water uptake and transport. Understanding transpiration is important for understanding how plants function and how they respond to changes in their environment.

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