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Describe the differences between covalent and ionic bonds.

Covalent bonds involve the sharing of electrons, while ionic bonds involve the transfer of electrons.

Covalent bonds occur when atoms share electrons in order to achieve a stable electron configuration. This sharing can occur between atoms of the same element or between different elements. Covalent bonds are typically stronger than ionic bonds, as the shared electrons are held more tightly between the atoms. Covalent bonds can be polar or nonpolar, depending on the electronegativity difference between the atoms involved.

Ionic bonds occur when one atom donates electrons to another atom in order to achieve a stable electron configuration. This results in the formation of ions, which are attracted to each other due to their opposite charges. Ionic bonds are typically weaker than covalent bonds, as the attraction between the ions is not as strong as the sharing of electrons in a covalent bond. Ionic bonds typically occur between metals and nonmetals.

In summary, covalent bonds involve the sharing of electrons and are typically stronger than ionic bonds. Ionic bonds involve the transfer of electrons and are typically weaker than covalent bonds.

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