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Describe the differences between nitriles and amides.

Nitriles and amides are two types of organic compounds with different functional groups.

Nitriles are compounds that contain a triple bond between a carbon atom and a nitrogen atom. They are also known as cyanides and have the general formula R-C≡N, where R is an alkyl or aryl group. Nitriles are commonly used in the production of synthetic rubber, plastics, and solvents. They are also found in some natural products, such as alkaloids and amino acids. Nitriles are highly toxic and can cause cyanide poisoning if ingested or inhaled.

Amides, on the other hand, are compounds that contain a carbonyl group (C=O) bonded to a nitrogen atom. They have the general formula R-CO-NH2, where R is an alkyl or aryl group. Amides are commonly found in proteins, nucleic acids, and other biomolecules. They are also used in the production of pharmaceuticals, polymers, and other industrial chemicals. Amides are less toxic than nitriles and are generally considered safe for human consumption.

In summary, nitriles and amides are two types of organic compounds with different functional groups. Nitriles contain a triple bond between a carbon and nitrogen atom, while amides contain a carbonyl group bonded to a nitrogen atom. Nitriles are highly toxic, while amides are generally considered safe for human consumption.

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