Hire a tutor

Describe the differences between the acidity and basicity of Period 3 oxides.

Period 3 oxides can be either acidic or basic depending on their position in the periodic table.

The oxides of elements in the left-hand side of period 3 (Na, Mg, Al, Si) are basic, while the oxides of elements in the right-hand side (P, S, Cl, Ar) are acidic. The oxides of the element in the middle (S) are amphoteric, meaning they can act as both an acid and a base.

Basic oxides react with water to form alkaline solutions, while acidic oxides react with water to form acidic solutions. For example, sodium oxide (Na2O) reacts with water to form sodium hydroxide (NaOH), which is a strong alkali. In contrast, sulfur dioxide (SO2) reacts with water to form sulfurous acid (H2SO3), which is a weak acid.

The acidity or basicity of an oxide is determined by the electronegativity of the element it is formed from. Elements with low electronegativity tend to form basic oxides, while elements with high electronegativity tend to form acidic oxides. This is because basic oxides contain metal cations, which have a tendency to donate electrons, while acidic oxides contain non-metal anions, which have a tendency to accept electrons.

In summary, the acidity and basicity of Period 3 oxides depend on the electronegativity of the element they are formed from. Basic oxides are formed from elements with low electronegativity, while acidic oxides are formed from elements with high electronegativity. The oxides of the element in the middle of Period 3 are amphoteric, meaning they can act as both an acid and a base.

Study and Practice for Free

Trusted by 100,000+ Students Worldwide

Achieve Top Grades in your Exams with our Free Resources.

Practice Questions, Study Notes, and Past Exam Papers for all Subjects!

Need help from an expert?

4.92/5 based on480 reviews

The world’s top online tutoring provider trusted by students, parents, and schools globally.

Related Chemistry a-level Answers

    Read All Answers
    Loading...