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Describe the differences between the oxidation and reduction in aqueous solutions.

Oxidation and reduction in aqueous solutions involve the transfer of electrons between species.

Oxidation is the process in which a species loses electrons, resulting in an increase in its oxidation state. In aqueous solutions, this can occur when a species reacts with oxygen or when it loses electrons to another species. For example, when iron reacts with oxygen in water, it undergoes oxidation to form rust. Another example is when copper reacts with silver ions in solution, it loses electrons and undergoes oxidation to form copper ions.

Reduction is the process in which a species gains electrons, resulting in a decrease in its oxidation state. In aqueous solutions, this can occur when a species gains electrons from another species. For example, when silver ions react with copper in solution, the silver ions gain electrons and undergo reduction to form silver metal. Another example is when hydrogen ions react with oxygen in water, they gain electrons and undergo reduction to form water.

In aqueous solutions, oxidation and reduction often occur simultaneously, as one species loses electrons and another gains electrons. This is known as a redox reaction. Redox reactions are important in many biological processes, such as cellular respiration and photosynthesis, as well as in industrial processes, such as electroplating and corrosion prevention.

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