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Describe the differences between the transition state and product in the Hammond postulate.

The transition state is the highest energy point in a reaction, while the product is the end result.

The Hammond postulate states that the transition state of a reaction resembles the species that it is closest to in energy. This means that if the reactants are more stable than the products, the transition state will resemble the reactants, and if the products are more stable than the reactants, the transition state will resemble the products.

In terms of energy, the transition state is the highest point on the reaction coordinate diagram. It is the point where the reactants have been destabilised enough to form the products, but have not yet fully formed them. The transition state is highly unstable and has a short lifetime, as it quickly proceeds to form the products.

The product, on the other hand, is the end result of the reaction. It is the stable species that is formed after the reaction has occurred. The product has lower energy than the reactants and the transition state, and is therefore more stable.

Overall, the transition state and product are two distinct points on the reaction coordinate diagram. The transition state is the highest energy point, while the product is the end result of the reaction and is more stable.

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