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Provide an example of a phenol and an alcohol.

A phenol is an organic compound that contains a hydroxyl group (-OH) attached to an aromatic ring. An example of a phenol is phenol itself, also known as carbolic acid.

Phenols are commonly used in the production of plastics, dyes, and pharmaceuticals. They also have antiseptic properties and are used in disinfectants and mouthwashes.

On the other hand, an alcohol is an organic compound that contains a hydroxyl group (-OH) attached to a carbon atom. An example of an alcohol is ethanol, also known as ethyl alcohol or grain alcohol.

Alcohols are commonly used as solvents, fuels, and in the production of alcoholic beverages. They also have antiseptic properties and are used in hand sanitizers and disinfectants.

Phenols and alcohols have similar chemical properties due to the presence of the hydroxyl group. However, phenols are more acidic than alcohols due to the resonance stabilization of the phenoxide ion. This makes phenols more reactive in certain chemical reactions.

In summary, phenol and ethanol are examples of phenols and alcohols, respectively. Both compounds have important industrial and medicinal applications and share similar chemical properties.

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