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Provide an example of an anode and cathode reaction in electrolysis.

An example of an anode and cathode reaction in electrolysis is the electrolysis of water.

Electrolysis is the process of using an electric current to break down a compound into its constituent elements. In the case of water, the compound is H2O, and the electric current is used to break it down into its constituent elements, hydrogen and oxygen.

At the anode, which is the positively charged electrode, water molecules are oxidized to produce oxygen gas and positively charged hydrogen ions (H+). This reaction is represented by the equation: 2H2O → O2 + 4H+ + 4e-

At the cathode, which is the negatively charged electrode, the positively charged hydrogen ions are reduced to produce hydrogen gas. This reaction is represented by the equation: 4H+ + 4e- → 2H2

Overall, the electrolysis of water can be represented by the equation: 2H2O → 2H2 + O2

This reaction is important in the production of hydrogen gas, which can be used as a fuel source. However, the process is energy-intensive, and currently, most hydrogen is produced from fossil fuels. Research is ongoing to develop more efficient and sustainable methods of hydrogen production.

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