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What is the pH of the aqueous solution and how does it relate to acid-base equilibria?

The pH of an aqueous solution is a measure of its acidity or alkalinity. It relates to acid-base equilibria as it indicates the concentration of hydrogen ions present in the solution.

Acid-base equilibria refer to the balance between the concentration of hydrogen ions (H+) and hydroxide ions (OH-) in a solution. A solution with a high concentration of H+ ions is acidic, while a solution with a high concentration of OH- ions is alkaline. The pH scale ranges from 0 to 14, with 7 being neutral. A pH below 7 indicates acidity, while a pH above 7 indicates alkalinity.

The pH of an aqueous solution can be determined using a pH meter or indicator paper. The pH meter measures the voltage difference between a reference electrode and a glass electrode, which is sensitive to changes in H+ ion concentration. Indicator paper changes colour depending on the pH of the solution it is dipped in.

Acid-base equilibria are important in biological systems, as many biochemical reactions are pH-dependent. For example, enzymes have an optimal pH range at which they function best. Changes in pH can denature enzymes and render them inactive. The pH of bodily fluids, such as blood and urine, is tightly regulated to maintain homeostasis.

In conclusion, the pH of an aqueous solution is a measure of its acidity or alkalinity and is related to acid-base equilibria. It is an important parameter in biological systems and is tightly regulated to maintain optimal conditions for biochemical reactions.

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