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Precision refers to the consistency of measurements, while accuracy refers to how close a measurement is to the true value.

Precision is a measure of how closely repeated measurements of the same quantity agree with each other. A set of precise measurements will have a small range of values, indicating that the measurements are consistent. For example, if a student measures the length of a pencil five times and gets values of 14.2 cm, 14.3 cm, 14.1 cm, 14.2 cm, and 14.2 cm, the measurements are precise because they are all close to each other.

Accuracy, on the other hand, is a measure of how close a measurement is to the true value. A measurement can be precise but not accurate if it consistently misses the true value by the same amount. For example, if a student measures the length of a pencil five times and gets values of 13.5 cm, 13.6 cm, 13.7 cm, 13.8 cm, and 13.9 cm, the measurements are precise but not accurate because they are consistently below the true value of 14 cm.

In science, it is important to strive for both precision and accuracy in measurements. Precise measurements allow for reliable data analysis and conclusions, while accurate measurements ensure that the data is valid and meaningful.

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