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How are quarks confined within hadrons?

Quarks are confined within hadrons by the strong nuclear force, mediated by gluons.

The strong nuclear force is one of the four fundamental forces of nature, and it is responsible for holding the nucleus of an atom together. It is also the force that binds quarks together within hadrons. This force is mediated by particles called gluons, which are exchanged between quarks.

The strong force is unique in that it becomes stronger as the distance between two quarks increases. This means that as quarks are pulled apart, the force between them increases until it is strong enough to create new quarks, which then combine with the original quarks to form new hadrons. This process is known as hadronization.

The confinement of quarks within hadrons is a fundamental property of the strong force and is not fully understood. However, it is believed to be related to the fact that the force between two quarks increases with distance, making it impossible to separate them completely. This is known as confinement.

In summary, quarks are confined within hadrons by the strong nuclear force, which is mediated by gluons. This force becomes stronger as the distance between quarks increases, leading to hadronization and the confinement of quarks within hadrons. The exact mechanism of confinement is not fully understood, but it is believed to be related to the unique properties of the strong force.

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