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How does nuclear medicine assist in the diagnosis of lung diseases?

Nuclear medicine involves the use of radioactive materials to diagnose lung diseases.

Nuclear medicine is a medical imaging technique that uses small amounts of radioactive material to diagnose and treat a variety of diseases. In the case of lung diseases, nuclear medicine can help identify the presence and location of abnormalities in the lungs.

One common nuclear medicine test used to diagnose lung diseases is a ventilation-perfusion (V/Q) scan. This test involves injecting a small amount of radioactive material into the bloodstream and inhaling a small amount of radioactive gas. The scan then measures the distribution of the radioactive material in the lungs, allowing doctors to identify areas of the lungs that are not receiving enough air or blood flow.

Another nuclear medicine test used to diagnose lung diseases is a positron emission tomography (PET) scan. This test involves injecting a small amount of radioactive material into the body, which is then absorbed by the lungs. The PET scan can then detect areas of the lungs that are not functioning properly, such as areas with abnormal cell growth or inflammation.

Overall, nuclear medicine plays an important role in the diagnosis and treatment of lung diseases by providing detailed images of the lungs and identifying abnormalities that may not be visible through other imaging techniques.

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