### Need help from an expert?

The world’s top online tutoring provider trusted by students, parents, and schools globally.

To calculate the total moment in a system, sum the moments of all forces about a pivot point.

In more detail, a moment (or torque) is the turning effect of a force around a pivot or fulcrum. It is calculated using the formula: Moment = Force × Distance, where the distance is the perpendicular distance from the pivot to the line of action of the force. The unit of moment is Newton-metres (Nm).

To find the total moment in a system, you need to consider all the forces acting on the object and their respective distances from the pivot. First, identify the pivot point. Then, for each force, measure the perpendicular distance from the pivot to the line of action of the force. Multiply each force by its corresponding distance to find the individual moments.

Next, determine the direction of each moment. Moments that cause a clockwise rotation are considered positive, while those causing an anti-clockwise rotation are considered negative (or vice versa, depending on the convention you are using). Sum all the moments, taking care to add or subtract them based on their direction.

For example, if you have a seesaw with a pivot in the middle, and a 10 N force acting 2 metres to the right of the pivot, and a 15 N force acting 1 metre to the left of the pivot, the moments would be calculated as follows:

- Moment from the 10 N force: 10 N × 2 m = 20 Nm (clockwise)

- Moment from the 15 N force: 15 N × 1 m = 15 Nm (anti-clockwise)

If we consider clockwise as positive, the total moment would be:

Total Moment = 20 Nm (clockwise) - 15 Nm (anti-clockwise) = 5 Nm (clockwise)

By summing the moments, you can analyse the rotational effect of all forces in the system and determine whether the system is in equilibrium or if there is a resultant turning effect.

Study and Practice for Free

Trusted by 100,000+ Students Worldwide

Achieve Top Grades in your Exams with our Free Resources.

Practice Questions, Study Notes, and Past Exam Papers for all Subjects!

The world’s top online tutoring provider trusted by students, parents, and schools globally.

Loading...

Loading...