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The formula for force in terms of momentum is: Force (F) = change in momentum (Δp) / time (Δt).

In more detail, momentum is a measure of the motion of an object and is calculated by multiplying the mass (m) of the object by its velocity (v). Mathematically, momentum (p) is given by p = m * v. When an object's momentum changes, it means either its mass, velocity, or both have changed. This change in momentum can be caused by a force acting on the object.

Newton's Second Law of Motion states that the force acting on an object is equal to the rate of change of its momentum. This can be expressed with the formula F = Δp / Δt, where Δp represents the change in momentum and Δt represents the time over which this change occurs. Essentially, this formula tells us that a larger force is needed to change the momentum of an object more quickly.

For example, if a car of mass 1000 kg increases its velocity from 10 m/s to 20 m/s in 5 seconds, we can calculate the force applied. First, we find the initial momentum (p_initial = 1000 kg * 10 m/s = 10,000 kg·m/s) and the final momentum (p_final = 1000 kg * 20 m/s = 20,000 kg·m/s). The change in momentum (Δp) is 20,000 kg·m/s - 10,000 kg·m/s = 10,000 kg·m/s. Using the formula F = Δp / Δt, we get F = 10,000 kg·m/s / 5 s = 2000 N. Therefore, a force of 2000 Newtons was applied to the car.

Understanding this relationship helps us analyse various physical situations, such as collisions, where forces and changes in momentum are crucial in determining the outcomes.

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