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How would you reverse a string using a stack?

You can reverse a string using a stack by pushing each character of the string onto the stack and then popping them off.

To reverse a string using a stack, you would first need to initialise an empty stack. A stack is a data structure that follows the Last-In-First-Out (LIFO) principle, meaning the last element added to the stack will be the first one to be removed. This property makes it ideal for reversing a string.

Next, you would iterate through each character in the string and push it onto the stack. Pushing an element onto the stack means adding it to the top of the stack. In this case, you would be adding each character of the string to the top of the stack, one by one, from left to right.

Once all the characters have been pushed onto the stack, you would then start popping them off. Popping an element off the stack means removing the topmost element. As the stack follows the LIFO principle, the characters will be popped off in reverse order to how they were added.

Finally, you would concatenate these popped characters together to form the reversed string. This can be done by initialising an empty string and then appending each popped character to the end of it.

Here is a simple Python code snippet that demonstrates this process:

def reverse_string(s):
stack = list(s)
result = ''
while len(stack):
result += stack.pop()
return result

In this code, `list(s)` is used to push all characters of the string onto the stack, `stack.pop()` is used to pop the characters off in reverse order, and `result += stack.pop()` is used to append each popped character to the end of the result string. The function returns the reversed string.

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