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The momentum of a moving object is calculated by multiplying the object's mass by its velocity.

Momentum is a fundamental concept in physics, often symbolised by the letter 'p'. It is a vector quantity, meaning it has both magnitude (size) and direction. The momentum of an object is calculated by multiplying the object's mass (m) by its velocity (v). This can be represented by the formula p=mv.

The unit of momentum in the International System of Units (SI) is kilogram meter per second (kg·m/s). It's important to remember that since velocity is a vector, momentum is also a vector, and it points in the same direction as the velocity vector.

Let's consider an example. If a car with a mass of 1500 kg is moving north at a speed of 20 m/s, the momentum of the car can be calculated by multiplying the mass of the car by its speed. So, the momentum would be 1500 kg * 20 m/s = 30000 kg·m/s north.

In physics, the conservation of momentum is a fundamental principle. It states that the total momentum of a closed system (i.e., a system that does not interact with external forces) is constant. This principle is very useful in solving problems, especially in collisions and explosions.

In conclusion, understanding and calculating momentum is crucial in physics. It not only helps us understand the motion of individual objects but also the interaction between objects. Remember, the momentum of an object is simply the product of its mass and velocity, and it always points in the direction of the velocity.

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