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The formula for calculating pressure in liquids is P = ρgh, where P is pressure, ρ is density, g is gravity, and h is height.

Pressure in liquids is calculated using the formula P = ρgh. This formula is derived from the principle that pressure in a fluid at rest increases linearly with increasing depth. Here, 'P' represents the pressure at a certain depth in the liquid, 'ρ' (rho) is the density of the liquid, 'g' is the acceleration due to gravity, and 'h' is the height or depth of the liquid column above the point where the pressure is being determined.

The density 'ρ' is a measure of how much mass is contained in a given volume. It is usually measured in kilograms per cubic metre (kg/m³). The acceleration due to gravity 'g' is approximately 9.8 m/s² on the surface of the Earth. The height 'h' is the depth below the surface of the liquid, measured in metres (m).

This formula tells us that the pressure in a liquid depends on the depth, the density of the liquid, and the acceleration due to gravity. The deeper you go into a liquid, the greater the pressure, because there is more liquid above pushing down. Similarly, the denser the liquid, the greater the pressure at a given depth, because there is more mass in a given volume. Finally, the stronger the gravity, the greater the pressure, because gravity pulls the liquid downwards, increasing the force it exerts.

Remember, this formula applies to liquids at rest, not those in motion. Also, it assumes that the liquid is incompressible, meaning its density does not change with depth, which is a good approximation for most liquids.

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