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The Hubble Constant is a value that measures the rate of expansion of the universe, helping to estimate its age.

The Hubble Constant, named after the American astronomer Edwin Hubble, is a fundamental concept in cosmology. It is a measure of the rate at which the universe is expanding, a phenomenon known as the Hubble's Law. This law states that the speed at which a galaxy is moving away from us is directly proportional to its distance from us. The Hubble Constant is the proportionality factor in this relationship.

The value of the Hubble Constant is currently estimated to be around 70 kilometres per second per megaparsec. This means that for every megaparsec (a unit of astronomical distance equivalent to about 3.26 million light-years) a galaxy is from us, it is moving away at a speed of 70 kilometres per second.

Estimating the age of the universe using the Hubble Constant involves a bit of mathematics. If we consider the universe to be expanding at a constant rate, we can think of the age of the universe as the time it would take for all the galaxies to come back together if the expansion were reversed. This is calculated by taking the reciprocal of the Hubble Constant (with some adjustments for units). However, this is a simplification as the rate of expansion is not actually constant but is believed to be accelerating due to dark energy.

Therefore, the Hubble Constant provides a way to estimate the age of the universe, but it's important to remember that this is an estimate. There are other methods and factors that scientists consider when trying to determine the universe's age, and ongoing research continues to refine these estimates.

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