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Calculate the velocity of an object moving in a circular path.

The velocity of an object moving in a circular path is constantly changing in direction.

When an object moves in a circular path, it experiences a centripetal force that keeps it moving in a circular path. This force is always perpendicular to the velocity of the object and towards the center of the circle. Therefore, the velocity of the object is constantly changing in direction, but its magnitude remains constant.

The magnitude of the velocity of an object moving in a circular path can be calculated using the formula:

v = 2πr/T

where v is the velocity of the object, r is the radius of the circle, and T is the time taken for one complete revolution.

This formula can be derived from the definition of velocity as the distance travelled per unit time. In one complete revolution, the object travels a distance equal to the circumference of the circle, which is 2πr. Therefore, the time taken for one complete revolution is T = 2πr/v. Solving for v gives the formula above.

It is important to note that the velocity of an object moving in a circular path is not constant, even though its magnitude remains constant. This is because the direction of the velocity is constantly changing, and therefore the object is undergoing acceleration. The magnitude of this acceleration is given by:

a = v^2/r

where a is the centripetal acceleration, v is the velocity of the object, and r is the radius of the circle. This formula can also be derived from the definition of acceleration as the rate of change of velocity. The direction of the centripetal acceleration is towards the center of the circle, and it is responsible for keeping the object moving in a circular path.

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