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The period of oscillation is the time taken for one complete cycle of oscillation.

In simple terms, the period of oscillation is the time taken for a system to complete one full cycle of oscillation. This can be seen in a variety of systems, such as a pendulum swinging back and forth or a spring bouncing up and down. The period is typically denoted by the symbol T and is measured in seconds.

The period of oscillation can be calculated using the formula T = 2π√(m/k), where m is the mass of the object and k is the spring constant. This formula assumes that the system is undergoing simple harmonic motion, which means that the motion is periodic and can be described by a sine or cosine function.

In more complex systems, such as those with damping or external forces, the period of oscillation may be more difficult to calculate. In these cases, numerical methods or approximations may be used to estimate the period.

Understanding the period of oscillation is important in many areas of physics and engineering, as it can help predict the behaviour of systems and design more efficient and effective structures.

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