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The principle of conservation of energy states that energy cannot be created or destroyed, only transferred or transformed from one form to another.

Energy is a fundamental concept in physics and is defined as the ability to do work. The principle of conservation of energy is based on the first law of thermodynamics, which states that the total energy of a closed system is constant. This means that energy cannot be created or destroyed, only transferred or transformed from one form to another.

The principle of conservation of energy has many practical applications in physics and engineering. For example, it is used to calculate the amount of energy required to perform a certain task, such as lifting a weight or moving an object. It is also used to design energy-efficient systems, such as engines and power plants.

The principle of conservation of energy can be expressed mathematically using the equation:

ΔE = Q - W

where ΔE is the change in energy of a system, Q is the heat added to the system, and W is the work done by the system. This equation is based on the fact that energy can be transferred between a system and its surroundings in the form of heat and work.

In conclusion, the principle of conservation of energy is a fundamental concept in physics and engineering. It states that energy cannot be created or destroyed, only transferred or transformed from one form to another. This principle has many practical applications and can be expressed mathematically using the equation ΔE = Q - W.

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