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The components of a mathematical model include variables, equations, assumptions, and parameters.

Variables are the quantities that are being studied and can change in value. They are represented by symbols such as x, y, and z. In a mathematical model, variables can be dependent or independent. Dependent variables are the ones that are affected by changes in the independent variables.

Equations are the mathematical expressions that describe the relationship between the variables. They can be linear or nonlinear, and can involve one or more variables. Equations can be used to predict the behaviour of the system being modelled.

Assumptions are the simplifications made in the model to make it more manageable. They are based on the understanding of the system being modelled and can be revised as new information becomes available. Assumptions can affect the accuracy of the model, so it is important to choose them carefully.

Parameters are the constants that are used in the equations to represent the physical properties of the system being modelled. They can be determined experimentally or estimated from other sources. Parameters can affect the accuracy of the model, so it is important to choose them carefully.

In summary, a mathematical model consists of variables, equations, assumptions, and parameters. These components are used to describe the behaviour of a system and make predictions about its future behaviour. It is important to choose these components carefully to ensure the accuracy of the model.

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