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Discuss the role of the immune system in stress response.

The immune system plays a crucial role in the body's response to stress.

When the body experiences stress, the immune system is activated to help protect it. This response is known as the "fight or flight" response, which triggers the release of stress hormones such as cortisol and adrenaline. These hormones help to mobilize the immune system, increasing the production of white blood cells and other immune cells.

However, chronic stress can have negative effects on the immune system. Prolonged exposure to stress hormones can suppress the immune system, making it less effective at fighting off infections and diseases. This can lead to an increased risk of illness and a slower recovery time.

Additionally, stress can also cause inflammation in the body, which can contribute to the development of chronic diseases such as heart disease and diabetes. The immune system plays a key role in regulating inflammation, so when it is compromised, inflammation can become more severe and prolonged.

Overall, the immune system is an important component of the body's response to stress. While it can help protect the body in the short term, chronic stress can have negative effects on the immune system and overall health. It is important to manage stress levels and practice self-care to support a healthy immune system.

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