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How did the Domino Theory justify US involvement in Latin America?

The Domino Theory justified US involvement in Latin America by suggesting that if one country fell to communism, others would follow.

The Domino Theory was a key aspect of the Cold War and was particularly influential in shaping US foreign policy. It was based on the idea that if one country in a region came under the influence of communism, then the surrounding countries would follow in a domino effect. This theory was used to justify US involvement in various parts of the world, including Latin America.

In the context of Latin America, the Domino Theory was used to justify US intervention in countries such as Guatemala, Cuba, and Nicaragua. The US feared that the rise of left-wing governments in these countries would lead to a spread of communism throughout the region. This fear was heightened by the Cuban Revolution in 1959, which saw the establishment of a communist government just 90 miles from the US coast.

The US used a variety of methods to prevent the spread of communism in Latin America. These included economic sanctions, support for anti-communist regimes, and even direct military intervention. For example, in 1954, the US supported a coup against the democratically elected government of Guatemala, which it perceived as being too left-wing. Similarly, in the 1980s, the US funded anti-communist Contra rebels in Nicaragua.

The Domino Theory also influenced the US's approach to the broader region. The US established the Organization of American States in 1948, which aimed to promote democracy and prevent the spread of communism in the Americas. The US also implemented the Alliance for Progress in 1961, which aimed to improve economic conditions in Latin America and thereby reduce the appeal of communism.

In conclusion, the Domino Theory played a significant role in shaping US policy towards Latin America during the Cold War. It was used to justify a range of interventions aimed at preventing the spread of communism, reflecting the US's broader strategy of containment.

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