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How did US immigration reforms under Obama affect Latin America?

US immigration reforms under Obama significantly impacted Latin America, particularly by increasing deportations and strengthening border security.

Under President Barack Obama, the US saw a significant shift in its immigration policy. The Obama administration deported more people than any other in US history, with a significant proportion of these deportees being from Latin American countries. This had a profound impact on Latin America, as it led to an influx of people returning to their home countries, often after many years living in the US. This sudden increase in population put a strain on resources and infrastructure in many Latin American countries, particularly those with already struggling economies.

Furthermore, Obama's immigration reforms included a focus on strengthening border security. This made it more difficult for people from Latin America to enter the US, both legally and illegally. The increased border security measures included the expansion of the border fence and an increase in border patrol agents. This had a significant impact on Latin American countries, as it reduced the number of people able to migrate to the US for work or to join family members already living there.

However, it's important to note that Obama's immigration reforms also included measures aimed at providing a path to citizenship for some undocumented immigrants already living in the US. The Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program, for example, allowed certain individuals who had been brought to the US as children to apply for a renewable two-year period of deferred action from deportation and to become eligible for a work permit. While this program did not directly affect Latin America, it did impact many individuals from Latin American countries living in the US.

In addition, Obama's immigration reforms sought to shift the focus of immigration enforcement away from individuals with no criminal records and towards those with serious criminal records. This policy shift was intended to make the immigration system more fair and humane, but it also resulted in a higher proportion of deportees with criminal records returning to Latin American countries, potentially contributing to issues of crime and instability in the region.

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