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How did Villa and Zapata differ in their revolutionary goals?

Villa and Zapata differed in their revolutionary goals as Villa sought political power, while Zapata aimed for agrarian reform.

Pancho Villa, a prominent figure in the Mexican Revolution, was primarily driven by a desire for political power. Born into a peasant family, Villa had a deep understanding of the struggles faced by the lower classes. However, his ambitions were not limited to improving the conditions of the poor. Villa sought to overthrow the existing government and establish a new one, with himself at the helm. His revolutionary goals were therefore largely political in nature. He believed that by gaining control of the government, he could implement policies that would benefit the lower classes. Villa's approach was characterised by a strong military strategy, and he was known for his charismatic leadership and ability to rally troops.

In contrast, Emiliano Zapata's revolutionary goals were rooted in agrarian reform. Zapata was a champion of the peasants and the indigenous people, who were often marginalised and exploited under the existing system. He believed that the land belonged to those who worked it, and his primary goal was to redistribute land from the wealthy hacienda owners to the peasants. This was encapsulated in his Plan de Ayala, which called for immediate land reform. Unlike Villa, Zapata did not seek political power for its own sake. Instead, he saw it as a means to achieve his goal of social justice and equality. His approach was more grassroots and focused on mobilising the rural poor.

In summary, while both Villa and Zapata were key figures in the Mexican Revolution and shared a common goal of improving the conditions of the poor, their revolutionary goals differed significantly. Villa's goals were primarily political, with a focus on gaining power and control, while Zapata's were rooted in social justice and agrarian reform. These differences in their goals reflect their different backgrounds and perspectives, and shaped their respective strategies and approaches during the revolution.

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