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What impact did the civil rights movement have on legislation?

The civil rights movement significantly influenced legislation, leading to the enactment of laws promoting racial equality and prohibiting discrimination.

The civil rights movement, a pivotal period in the history of the United States, had a profound impact on legislation. It led to the passage of several landmark laws that aimed to end racial segregation and discrimination, and to protect the civil rights of all citizens, regardless of their race or ethnicity. These laws marked a significant shift in the legal landscape of the United States, and they continue to shape the country's approach to civil rights and equality.

The first significant piece of legislation was the Civil Rights Act of 1964. This law outlawed discrimination based on race, colour, religion, sex, or national origin. It prohibited unequal application of voter registration requirements, racial segregation in schools, employment, and public accommodations. This was a direct response to the widespread protests and demonstrations led by civil rights activists, who demanded an end to the systemic racism entrenched in American society.

The Voting Rights Act of 1965 was another crucial piece of legislation. It aimed to overcome legal barriers at the state and local levels that prevented African Americans from exercising their right to vote as guaranteed under the 15th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. The Act significantly impacted the political landscape of the United States, as it led to a dramatic increase in the number of registered African American voters.

The Fair Housing Act of 1968, another significant legislative achievement of the civil rights movement, prohibited discrimination concerning the sale, rental, and financing of housing based on race, religion, national origin, and sex. This law was a response to the widespread practice of 'redlining', a discriminatory practice whereby banks, insurance companies, and others would refuse services to residents of certain areas based on the racial or ethnic composition of those areas.

In conclusion, the civil rights movement had a profound impact on legislation in the United States. It led to the enactment of laws that aimed to end racial segregation and discrimination, and to protect the civil rights of all citizens. These laws marked a significant shift in the legal landscape of the United States, and they continue to shape the country's approach to civil rights and equality.

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