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What role did the Soviet Union play in the formation of the United Nations?

The Soviet Union played a significant role in the formation of the United Nations as one of the original founding members.

The Soviet Union, along with the United States, the United Kingdom, China, and France, was one of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council. These five nations were given the power to veto any substantive resolution, reflecting their status as the victorious powers of World War II. The Soviet Union was instrumental in shaping the structure and function of the UN, particularly the Security Council, which was designed to prevent future global conflicts.

The Soviet Union's involvement in the formation of the United Nations began at the Dumbarton Oaks Conference in 1944, where representatives from the Soviet Union, the United States, the United Kingdom, and China met to discuss the creation of a new international organisation to replace the ineffective League of Nations. The Soviet Union's delegation, led by Andrei Gromyko, played a crucial role in these discussions, particularly in relation to the structure of the Security Council and the principle of unanimity among the permanent members.

At the Yalta Conference in February 1945, the Soviet Union, represented by Joseph Stalin, further influenced the formation of the United Nations. Stalin agreed to join the United Nations, but only on the condition that each of the permanent members of the Security Council would have veto power. This was a significant contribution to the formation of the UN, as it ensured that the major powers would have a decisive say in the organisation's decisions.

The Soviet Union also played a role in the drafting of the United Nations Charter at the San Francisco Conference in April-June 1945. The Soviet delegation, again led by Gromyko, was involved in discussions on a wide range of issues, including the role of the General Assembly, the establishment of the International Court of Justice, and the creation of the Economic and Social Council.

In summary, the Soviet Union played a significant role in the formation of the United Nations, influencing its structure, function, and principles. Its insistence on the veto power of the permanent members of the Security Council was particularly influential, shaping the balance of power within the UN and its approach to maintaining international peace and security.

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