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Which leaders significantly shaped post-independence India?

Leaders who significantly shaped post-independence India include Jawaharlal Nehru, Indira Gandhi, Rajiv Gandhi, and Narendra Modi.

Jawaharlal Nehru, India's first Prime Minister, played a crucial role in shaping post-independence India. He was a central figure in Indian politics before and after independence. Nehru implemented policies based on import substitution industrialisation and mixed economy, where the government controlled public sector would co-exist with the private sector. He believed in secularism and socialist economic policies. His policies shaped India's political and economic life for decades to come.

Indira Gandhi, Nehru's daughter, was another influential leader. She served as Prime Minister from 1966 to 1977 and then again from 1980 until her assassination in 1984. Indira Gandhi is credited with further strengthening the public sector and making India self-reliant. She nationalised banks and insurance companies and started a chain of measures to control the private sector. Her tenure also saw the beginning of environmental regulations and protections.

Rajiv Gandhi, Indira's son, was Prime Minister from 1984 to 1989. He is credited with significant tech reforms and modernisation of the Indian economy. His government liberalised import and export policies, reduced taxes on technology-based industries, and encouraged growth in telecommunications and software industries. He also introduced measures to improve literacy rates and expand healthcare in rural areas.

Narendra Modi, the current Prime Minister, has also significantly shaped post-independence India. Since taking office in 2014, Modi has implemented several high-profile domestic initiatives, including the Goods and Services Tax, the largest tax reform in Indian history; and Make in India, an initiative to encourage manufacturing in India. He has also sought to improve relations with neighbouring countries, and his foreign policy is marked by a focus on improving India's standing on the global stage and attracting foreign investment.

Each of these leaders has left a significant mark on post-independence India. Their policies and initiatives have shaped the country's political, economic, and social landscapes, influencing the lives of millions of Indians.

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