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Discuss the role of the Civil Rights Movement in the fight against racial profiling.

The Civil Rights Movement played a pivotal role in challenging and raising awareness about racial profiling in the United States.

The Civil Rights Movement, which took place predominantly in the 1950s and 1960s, was a social movement in the United States aimed at ending racial segregation and discrimination against African Americans. One of the key issues it tackled was racial profiling, a discriminatory practice by law enforcement officials of targeting individuals for suspicion of crime based on the individual's race, ethnicity, religion or national origin.

Racial profiling was a widespread issue during this period, with African Americans often unfairly targeted, harassed, and discriminated against by law enforcement. The Civil Rights Movement sought to challenge this through a combination of legal action, peaceful protest, and public awareness campaigns. Key figures such as Martin Luther King Jr. and Rosa Parks became symbols of the fight against racial profiling, their actions and words highlighting the injustice and inequality inherent in the practice.

The movement's efforts led to significant legal and societal changes. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965, for example, were landmark pieces of federal legislation in the United States that outlawed discriminatory voting practices and ended racial segregation in schools, at the workplace and by facilities that served the general public. These laws helped to reduce racial profiling by making it illegal and setting a precedent for future anti-discrimination legislation.

Moreover, the Civil Rights Movement helped to raise public awareness about racial profiling. Through peaceful protests, speeches, and acts of civil disobedience, the movement brought the issue to the forefront of public consciousness. This increased awareness led to a shift in public opinion, with more people recognising the injustice of racial profiling and supporting efforts to end it.

However, it's important to note that while the Civil Rights Movement made significant strides in the fight against racial profiling, the issue has not been completely eradicated. Racial profiling continues to be a contentious issue in the United States today, indicating that the fight for racial equality is ongoing.

In conclusion, the Civil Rights Movement played a crucial role in the fight against racial profiling. Through legal action, peaceful protest, and public awareness campaigns, the movement challenged discriminatory practices, led to significant legislative changes, and shifted public opinion on the issue. However, the continued prevalence of racial profiling today shows that the movement's work is not yet complete.

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