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How did the Wars of the Roses shape the development of the English Parliament?

The Wars of the Roses significantly shaped the English Parliament by consolidating royal authority and paving the way for a more centralised government.

The Wars of the Roses, a series of civil wars fought between the houses of Lancaster and York for the English throne from 1455 to 1485, had a profound impact on the development of the English Parliament. The wars resulted in the weakening of the nobility's power, which in turn led to the strengthening of the monarchy and the centralisation of government. This shift in power dynamics played a crucial role in shaping the English Parliament as we know it today.

Before the Wars of the Roses, the English Parliament was largely dominated by the nobility. The nobles held significant power and influence, often challenging the authority of the king. However, the wars led to the decimation of the nobility, with many nobles losing their lives in battle. This significantly reduced their power and influence, allowing the monarchy to consolidate its authority.

The consolidation of royal authority led to a more centralised government. The king now had the power to make decisions without the need for approval from the nobility. This marked a significant shift in the way the English government was run, with the king now having the ultimate authority. This centralisation of power in the hands of the monarchy was a key factor in the development of the English Parliament.

Furthermore, the Wars of the Roses also led to significant changes in the composition of the Parliament. With the nobility's power diminished, the king was able to appoint individuals of his choosing to the Parliament. This allowed the king to ensure that the Parliament was filled with individuals who were loyal to him, further strengthening his authority.

In conclusion, the Wars of the Roses played a crucial role in shaping the English Parliament. The wars led to the weakening of the nobility's power, the consolidation of royal authority, and the centralisation of government. These changes significantly influenced the development of the English Parliament, laying the groundwork for the system of government that we see in England today.

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