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What were the consequences of the assassination of Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin on the Arab-Israeli conflict?

The assassination of Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin significantly stalled the peace process in the Arab-Israeli conflict.

Yitzhak Rabin, the Prime Minister of Israel, was assassinated on 4th November 1995 by a right-wing Israeli extremist. At the time of his death, Rabin was a key figure in the peace process between Israel and Palestine, having signed the Oslo Accords in 1993. His assassination had profound consequences on the Arab-Israeli conflict, most notably by stalling the peace process.

Rabin's death led to a shift in Israeli politics. His successor, Shimon Peres, was unable to maintain the momentum of the peace process. The subsequent election of Benjamin Netanyahu, a right-wing leader who opposed the Oslo Accords, marked a significant shift in Israeli policy towards the conflict. This political shift resulted in a hardening of attitudes and a move away from the conciliatory approach that Rabin had championed.

The assassination also had a psychological impact on both Israelis and Palestinians. For many Israelis, it highlighted the deep divisions within their society over the issue of peace with Palestine. The fact that Rabin was killed by a fellow Israeli, rather than a Palestinian, was a shocking revelation for many and led to increased polarisation. For Palestinians, Rabin's death was seen as a blow to the peace process. Many felt that without Rabin, there was little hope for a peaceful resolution to the conflict.

Furthermore, Rabin's assassination led to a rise in violence. In the immediate aftermath, there was a spike in attacks by Palestinian militants, leading to a cycle of retaliation and escalation. This period of increased violence further undermined the peace process and made any form of negotiation more difficult.

In conclusion, the assassination of Yitzhak Rabin had significant consequences for the Arab-Israeli conflict. It led to a shift in Israeli politics away from the peace process, increased polarisation within Israeli society, and a rise in violence. These factors combined to stall the peace process and made a peaceful resolution to the conflict more difficult to achieve.

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