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How Your Grades Convert to UCAS Tariff Points

How Your Grades Convert to UCAS Tariff Points

10 min Read|February 17 2024
|Written by:

Thomas Babb


Navigating the complexities of university applications in the UK can often feel daunting, especially when deciphering the significance of UCAS Tariff Points. Essentially, these points are a numerical value assigned to your qualifications, transforming your grades into a universal currency recognised by universities. This system plays a pivotal role in the admissions process, as it allows institutions to assess and compare the academic achievements of candidates from varied educational backgrounds.

Whether you're a high school student knee-deep in A-Levels, a BTEC learner, or an International Baccalaureate enthusiast, understanding how your efforts translate into this vital scoring system is important. In a nutshell, UCAS Tariff Points offer a streamlined, unified way for universities to evaluate your academic prowess, simplifying your journey towards higher education. This article aims to demystify the process, providing clarity on how your hard-earned grades convert into these all-important UCAS Tariff Points.

Introduction to UCAS Tariff Points

Successful UK domiciled UCAS applicants by university tariff group.

Successful UK domiciled UCAS applicants by university tariff group.

The UCAS Tariff Points system is an integral component of the UK's higher education landscape, serving as a numerical framework that equates various academic qualifications to a unified scale. Developed by the Universities and Colleges Admissions Service (UCAS), this system is utilised by a significant portion of higher education institutions for simplifying the comparison of applicants' educational achievements.

Some universities and colleges in the UK list UCAS points in their entry requirements. This inclusive system acknowledges a wide spectrum of qualifications, ranging from A-Levels to BTEC awards, ensuring that all students, irrespective of their educational journey, are assessed equitably. The Tariff's approach aligns with the educational principle of accessibility and fairness, allowing universities to consider applicants from diverse academic backgrounds.

Consequently, the UCAS Tariff not only streamlines the university application process but also fosters a varied student population within universities, thereby enriching the educational experience through a multitude of perspectives and experiences​​.

Understanding the UCAS Tariff System

Fundamentals of UCAS Tariff Points

UCAS Tariff points are a systematic way to assign numerical scores to different Further Education (FE) qualifications and their respective grades. This scoring system is designed to uniformly rank and compare the value of diverse academic achievements. Imagine a scenario where a university course has to select from a pool of applicants with a wide range of qualifications: A-Levels, BTECs, and Scottish Highers. The UCAS Tariff system provides a standardised method to evaluate these varied qualifications against each other.

Equating Different Academic Achievements

In the UCAS Tariff system, each qualification is given a 'size band' value between 1 and 4, based on the total learning hours required. Furthermore, grades within these qualifications are assigned 'grade band' points from 3 to 14. To illustrate, an A-Level grade B and a BTEC grade DM both carry 40 UCAS points, demonstrating the system's balanced approach. This standardisation is vital in university admissions, allowing for a fair comparison of candidates from different educational backgrounds.

Simplified Calculation Method

The calculation of UCAS points involves multiplying the size band value of a qualification by its grade band point (size x grade = tariff points). UCAS offers various tools including infographics to assist in this calculation, making it more approachable for students. This is particularly helpful in scenarios like UCAS Clearing, where understanding one’s UCAS point tally helps them make informed choices about their education path. In addition to this guide, seeking the help of an expert UCAS application tutor can aid you in understanding the tariff points system in further detail and, consequently, in selecting the right university for you.

A-Level Grades and UCAS Points

Understanding the specifics of how A-Level grades convert into UCAS points is important for students planning their university applications. The UCAS points for each A-Level grade are standardised:

  • A* grade earns 56 points.
  • A grade equals 48 points.
  • B grade gets you 40 points.
  • C grade earns 32 points.
  • D grade is worth 24 points.
  • E grade is equal to 16 points.

This delineation ensures that every increment in academic performance is quantitatively recognised and rewarded in the university admissions process. For students, this means that each grade jump can have a significant impact on their overall UCAS score. For instance, improving from a B to an A grade in an A-Level subject doesn't just represent a single grade improvement; it translates to an additional 8 UCAS points. This can be particularly applicable in scenarios where a university course has a specific UCAS point threshold for admission.

Moreover, for students taking multiple A-Levels, the cumulative effect of these points becomes even more pronounced. A student with three A grades (48 points each) would accumulate 144 UCAS points, potentially meeting or exceeding the requirements for many competitive university courses. This systematic conversion underscores the importance of aiming for high grades across all subjects, as each grade contributes significantly to the total UCAS Tariff points, thereby directly influencing university admission prospects.

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BTEC Qualifications: Converting to UCAS Points

Unlike A-Levels, which are often more theory-based, BTECs are more practical and career-focused, yet they also translate into UCAS points, reflecting their academic rigor and relevance. The conversion scale for BTEC qualifications to UCAS points is detailed and varies depending on the level and size of the qualification.

For those taking up a BTEC Certificate, Extended Certificate, or Foundation Diploma, you're looking at one grade. If you're tackling a Diploma, you get two grades, and for the Extended Diploma, it's three grades.

Now, let's talk about how UCAS Tariff points line up against BTEC grades:

  • Distinction* translates into 56 UCAS points, which is on par with an A* at A-level.
  • Distinction earns 48 points, just like scoring an A at A-level.
  • Merit converts to 32 points, equivalent to a C at A-level.
  • Finally, if you get a Pass, that's 16 points, mirroring an E at A-level.

Here’s a breakdown of UCAS points for some BTEC Level 3 Extended Diploma grades:

  • D*D*D* (Triple Distinction*): 168 UCAS points
  • D*D*D (Double Distinction*, Distinction): 160 points
  • DDD (Triple Distinction): 144 points
  • DDM (Distinction, Distinction, Merit): 128 points
  • DMM (Distinction, Merit, Merit): 112 points
  • MMM (Triple Merit): 96 points

For further details about BTEC conversion to UCAS points, use the UCAS Tariff Calculator.

International Baccalaureate Diploma (IBD) Scores and UCAS Points

The International Baccalaureate Diploma (IB) is globally recognised for its challenging curriculum and is comprehensively integrated into the UCAS Tariff system. Under the latest UCAS Tariff, the conversion of IB scores to UCAS points is carefully calibrated to reflect their academic rigour in comparison to other qualifications, such as A-Levels.

For students pursuing the IB Diploma, understanding this conversion is essential. It helps them gauge where they stand in relation to UK university entry requirements, allowing them to plan and strategise their applications effectively.

To convert International Baccalaureate (IB) scores to UCAS tariff points, you need both your individual component scores and your total IB points. Higher Level (HL) courses carry more UCAS points, reflecting their significance in university admissions.

Higher Level Conversion:

  • Grade 7: 56 UCAS points
  • Grade 6: 48 UCAS points
  • Grade 5: 32 UCAS points
  • Grade 4: 24 UCAS points
  • Grade 3: 12 UCAS points
  • Grades 2 and 1: 0 UCAS points

Calculate your HL UCAS points by summing the points for each of your three HL subjects.

Standard Level Conversion: Standard Level (SL) courses are worth half the UCAS points of HL courses:

  • Grade 7: 28 UCAS points
  • Grade 6: 24 UCAS points
  • Grade 5: 16 UCAS points
  • Grade 4: 12 UCAS points
  • Grade 3: 6 UCAS points
  • Grades 2 and 1: 0 UCAS points

For SL, add the points from your three SL subjects to determine your total.

IB Core Conversion: The IB Core, including the extended essay and theory of knowledge, is graded from A to E:

  • Grade A: 12 UCAS points
  • Grade B: 10 UCAS points
  • Grade C: 8 UCAS points
  • Grade D: 6 UCAS points
  • Grade E: 4 UCAS points

Combine the UCAS points from your two IB Core components for the total.

It is also useful to understand how IB grades work and total IB score calculated to help easily know you UCAS points.

Scottish Highers and UCAS Points

Scottish Highers, a fundamental part of Scotland's education system since 1888, offer a significant opportunity for students to accumulate UCAS points within a one-year course duration. Each grade achieved in Scottish Highers carries a distinct UCAS point value, enabling students to build a strong profile for university applications.

Specifically, the UCAS points for Scottish Higher grades are as follows:

  • An A grade is valued at 33 UCAS points.
  • A B grade earns 27 points.
  • A C grade contributes 21 points.
  • A D grade provides 15 points.

Advanced Highers, which represent a higher level of study, offer even more UCAS points, reflecting their increased academic challenge:

  • An A grade in Advanced Highers is worth 56 points.
  • A B grade equates to 48 points.
  • A C grade is valued at 40 points.
  • A D grade earns 32 points.

This points system ensures that students taking Scottish Highers are evaluated on an equal footing with those who have pursued A-Levels or equivalent qualifications in other parts of the UK. The points from Higher qualifications only count if the student did not complete an Advanced Higher in that subject. This structure allows Scottish students to compete effectively for places in universities across the UK, ensuring that their unique educational pathway is recognised and valued in the higher education landscape​​.

Other Qualifications Recognised by UCAS

In addition to the well-known qualifications like A-Levels, IB, BTEC, and Scottish Highers, UCAS also recognises a variety of other qualifications, reflecting the diversity in educational pathways pursued by students. Among these are qualifications like the Extended Project Qualification (EPQ), various vocational courses, and additional achievements that offer UCAS points.


The EPQ, available to students outside of Scotland, is highly regarded for developing research and study skills. It can contribute between 8 and 28 UCAS points, with 28 points awarded for an A* grade. This qualification allows students to delve deeply into a subject of their choice, showcasing their ability to conduct independent research and project management.

Vocational Courses

Vocational courses also play a significant role in the UCAS Tariff system. For example, T-Levels, introduced as an alternative to A-Levels and BTECs, are equivalent to three A-Levels and are included in the UCAS Tariff. These courses provide students with practical skills and work experience, making them an attractive option for those looking to enter specific industries or vocational fields.


Additionally, activities like volunteering can contribute to a student's UCAS points. Participating in an ASDAN volunteer programme, for example, can earn a student 8 or 16 UCAS points, depending on the level of the award or certificate achieved. This inclusion underscores the value of extracurricular activities and personal development in the higher education admissions process.

Music and Drama

Qualifications in music and drama also hold UCAS point values. Grades 6 to 8 in musical instrument and singing assessments, as well as LAMDA drama qualifications and recognised dance school exams, are weighted with UCAS points. These points vary depending on the grade and level of attainment, adding a different dimension to a student’s application.

English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL)

International students can earn UCAS points by showcasing their English proficiency through ESOL qualifications. The points awarded range from 12 to 42, depending on the study level achieved in these qualifications. Higher levels of ESOL qualifications, which indicate a more advanced grasp of the English language, correspond to a greater number of UCAS points.

It's important to note that not all universities accept all qualifications for UCAS points. For instance, some universities may not count General Studies A-Levels in the UCAS Tariff. Therefore, it's essential for students to check individual university requirements to ensure that their qualifications align with the admissions criteria, and whether their specific qualification accrues UCAS points.

Maximising Your UCAS Points: Tips and Strategies

Offer Rate for UK 18Y/O Applicants by University Tariff Group

Offer Rate for UK 18Y/O Applicants by University Tariff Group

To enhance your prospects of university admission, maximising your UCAS points is essential. Here’s a more detailed approach to each strategy:

1. Strategic Subject Selection: Deliberate selection of A-Levels, BTEC, or equivalent qualifications is vital. Align your subjects with your strengths and aspirations. For example, if you excel in and enjoy the sciences, selecting Biology, Chemistry, and Maths could lead to higher grades, translating to more UCAS points. Consider the subject requirements of your intended university course when making selections.

2. Balancing Academic Load: It's important to maintain a manageable academic workload. Overloading on challenging subjects can be overwhelming, leading to lower grades. Combine rigorous subjects with those that align with your passions or offer a creative outlet, aiming for a balance that fosters both academic success and personal well-being.

3. Supplementary Qualifications: Supplementary qualifications can help bolster your UCAS points. The Extended Project Qualification (EPQ), for instance, can be a strategic choice, offering up to 28 UCAS points for an A* grade. It demonstrates to universities your capability in independent research and project management, skills highly regarded in higher education.

4. Focused Exam Preparation: A robust study plan, encompassing a range of revision techniques tailored to your learning style, is key. Utilise online resources, join study groups, and regularly practice with past papers. Time management and dealing with exam stress are also important aspects of exam preparation.

5. Extracurricular Activities and Arts: Participating in extracurricular activities like music, drama, or dance, and achieving high grades in their assessments can add valuable UCAS points. Additionally, programmes such as ASDAN or Duke of Edinburgh can contribute to your UCAS score, providing evidence of a broad skill set.

6. Regular Academic Advising: Consistent meetings with educational advisors and online university tutors can offer helpful guidance. They can help optimise your subject choices and extracurricular activities, suggesting ways to improve academically and maximise your UCAS points potential.

By implementing these detailed strategies, you can effectively increase your UCAS points, thereby enhancing your university application. Balancing academic achievements with personal development and well-being is crucial in this process. A well-rounded approach, focusing on both academic excellence and personal growth, is key to a successful application.


The UCAS Tariff Points system is a method of converting various UK qualifications into a standardised numerical format, facilitating fair and equitable university admissions. We've navigated through the nuances of converting grades from diverse qualifications like A-Levels, BTECs, the IB, and Scottish Highers into a unified scoring scale. Armed with this insight, students can approach their studies and university applications with confidence, knowing that every grade earned is a step towards their desired academic path. In essence, the UCAS Tariff Points system is more than a mere conversion tool; it's a key that unlocks the potential of students from varied educational backgrounds, enabling them to turn their academic endeavors into successful university admissions.


Can I combine different qualifications for UCAS points?

Combining different qualifications to accumulate UCAS points is indeed possible, offering flexibility to students with diverse educational backgrounds. For example, you can merge points from A-Levels with those from BTEC or other recognised qualifications like the IB or Scottish Highers. This approach allows for a more comprehensive representation of a student's academic achievements. However, it's important to note that you cannot combine points from the same subject studied at different levels (e.g., AS and A-Level in the same subject). This policy ensures that the points accurately reflect the breadth and depth of your studies.

Do universities prefer certain qualifications for UCAS points?

Generally, universities in the UK do not show a preference for specific qualifications when considering UCAS points. They recognise and value a range of qualifications like A-Levels, BTECs, and the IB. The UCAS Tariff is designed to enable a fair comparison across various qualifications, ensuring that no single qualification type is favoured over another.

How often is the UCAS Tariff Points system updated?

The UCAS Tariff system is reviewed and updated periodically to ensure it aligns with the evolving educational landscape. These updates may include the addition of new qualifications to the Tariff or adjustments in the points allocated to existing qualifications. Such reviews are part of UCAS's commitment to maintaining a fair and relevant system that accurately reflects current academic standards and qualifications.

Are UCAS points needed for postgraduate courses?

UCAS points are predominantly used for undergraduate course applications. For postgraduate studies, universities typically focus on undergraduate degree results, relevant work experience, and other specific criteria pertinent to the postgraduate level. The grading system for undergraduate degrees (First, 2:1, 2:2, etc.) is the usual benchmark for postgraduate admissions, alongside personal statements and references.

Do work experience or internships contribute to UCAS points?

Work experience and internships do not contribute directly to UCAS points. However, they are incredibly beneficial for your university application. Such experiences demonstrate your practical skills, commitment to a field, and can provide valuable context in your personal statement. Universities appreciate applicants who show a well-rounded profile, including real-world experience in addition to academic achievements.

How do retakes affect my UCAS points?

Retaking exams can impact your UCAS points. If you achieve a higher grade on a retake, this new grade can be used to recalculate your UCAS points, potentially increasing your total. It's important to be aware that some universities have specific policies regarding retaken exams, so always check with the institutions you are applying to. They might consider the circumstances of the retakes or prefer the original grades.

Are UCAS points relevant for international students?

International students applying to UK universities are also subject to the UCAS points system. Their international qualifications are assessed and converted into UCAS points, ensuring a consistent and fair evaluation alongside UK qualifications. This system allows universities to effectively compare academic achievements of students from different educational backgrounds worldwide.

Can I appeal my UCAS points calculation?

If you believe there has been an error in your UCAS points calculation, the first step is to recheck your points using the UCAS Tariff calculator. If inconsistencies remain, you should contact UCAS or your educational institution for guidance. They can provide advice on the appeals process or rectify any calculation errors.

Does the UCAS Points system recognise online courses?

The UCAS system does include some online courses, provided they meet necessary accreditation standards. It's essential to verify if a specific online course is recognised within the UCAS Tariff and by the universities you wish to apply to. Not all online courses may be included, so conducting thorough research and possibly consulting with educational advisors or UCAS directly is advisable.

How do UCAS points impact scholarship eligibility?

Some scholarships, particularly those based on academic merit, may consider UCAS points as part of their eligibility criteria. Higher UCAS points can enhance your prospects of securing such scholarships. However, scholarship criteria can vary greatly, with some focusing on factors like extracurricular achievements, specific talents, or financial need. Therefore, it's important to review the specific requirements of each scholarship programme you're interested in.

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Professional tutor and Cambridge University researcher

Thomas Babb

Written by: Thomas Babb

Oxford University - PhD Mathematics

Thomas is a PhD candidate at Oxford University. He served as an interviewer and the lead admissions test marker at Oxford, and teaches undergraduate students at Mansfield College and St Hilda’s College. He has ten years’ experience tutoring A-Level and GCSE students across a range of subjects.

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