Hire a tutor
How Hard is A-Level Maths?

How Hard is A-Level Maths?

10 min Read|June 07 2024
|Written by:

Dr Rahil Sachak-Patwa


A-Level Mathematics is generally considered to be a challenging subject. It builds upon the concepts and skills developed at the GCSE level and delves deeper into topics such as algebra, calculus, trigonometry, and statistics. The difficulty level can vary depending on your aptitude for mathematics, your study habits, and the quality of instruction you receive.

A-Level Mathematics requires a strong foundation in basic mathematical principles and the ability to apply them to complex problem-solving situations. It involves rigorous analytical thinking, logical reasoning, and mathematical modelling. The course covers a wide range of topics and requires a good understanding of abstract concepts. The assessment for A-level maths is exam based and does not include a coursework component.

To succeed in A-Level Mathematics, it is important to have good problem-solving skills, a solid grasp of mathematical concepts, and the ability to work independently. It often involves a significant amount of practice and a willingness to tackle challenging problems. A-Level Mathematics also requires a commitment of time and effort to study and revise the material thoroughly.

While A-Level Mathematics can be demanding, it is a highly regarded qualification that is often required or preferred for degree programs in mathematics, engineering, sciences, and other related fields. If you are passionate about mathematics and willing to put in the effort, it can be a rewarding and fulfilling subject to study.

Below is an overview of the A-level Maths grades attained by students in the UK in 2022:


A-level results 2022: Mathematics

The Difference in Difficulty Between A-level Maths and GCSE Maths

A-level Maths presents a significant step up in difficulty compared to GCSE Maths. While GCSE Maths focuses on foundational concepts, A-level Maths delves deeper into complex mathematical theories and problem-solving techniques. According to a study conducted by the University of Cambridge, A-level Maths requires students to demonstrate a higher level of abstract thinking, logical reasoning, and mathematical fluency compared to GCSE Maths. The study found that the transition from GCSE to A-level Maths often poses challenges for students, as they need to adapt to the increased rigour and abstraction of the subject.

The examination structure differs between GCSE Maths and A-level Maths. A-level Maths exams typically include more advanced problem-solving questions that require students to apply their knowledge in novel contexts. A-level Maths has a higher demand for mathematical reasoning and problem-solving skills, with a focus on extended response questions. This highlights the increased difficulty level and the need for students to develop a deeper understanding of mathematical concepts.

It is essential for students transitioning from GCSE Maths to A-level Maths to be prepared for the elevated level of challenge. Developing a strong grasp of foundational mathematical principles and seeking additional support from an A-level tutor as well as revision guides and online resources, can help bridge the gap between GCSE and A-level Maths.

It may be useful to familiarise yourself with the broader differences between A-levels and GCSEs.

How to Prepare for A-level Maths Exams

Preparing for A-level Maths exams requires a systematic and focused approach to ensure success. Here are some effective strategies to help you excel in your A-level Maths exams:

1. Understand the Exam Format:

Familiarise yourself with the structure and format of A-level Maths exams. The examination board's website, such as OCR or Edexcel, provides detailed information about the exam components, including the number and types of questions, duration, and mark allocation. Understanding the exam format will help you plan your study time and allocate sufficient practice for each section.

2. Review Core Concepts:

A-level Maths builds upon foundational knowledge. Ensure you have a strong grasp of the core topics, including calculus, algebra, statistics, and geometry. Review your class notes, textbooks, and online resources to reinforce your understanding of these concepts. The Mathematics Subject Association recommends actively engaging with the material, practicing problem-solving regularly, and seeking clarification from teachers or A-level Maths tutors when needed.

3. Practice Past Papers:

Past papers are invaluable resources for exam preparation. They provide insight into the question style, level of difficulty, and areas of emphasis. Allocate time to practice solving past papers under timed conditions. Analyse your answers and identify any knowledge gaps or areas that require improvement. Supplement your practice with A-Level Maths Q&A Revision Notes to clarify concepts and reinforce learning. This iterative process will enhance your exam technique, time management skills, and familiarity with different question types.

4. Seek Additional Support:

If you encounter difficulties in understanding certain topics, don't hesitate to seek additional support. Your teachers, subject-specific A-level tutors, or online learning platforms can provide guidance and clarify any misconceptions. Collaborating with classmates through study groups or online forums can also foster a supportive learning environment.

5. Stay Organised and Manage Time Effectively:

Create a study schedule that allows you to cover all topics systematically. Break down your study sessions into manageable chunks, dedicating time to each subject area. Utilise study aids such as flashcards, mind maps, or mnemonic techniques to aid retention. Additionally, practice effective time management during exams to allocate appropriate time to each question. Ensure that you give yourself enough time before the exam to revise.

By following these strategies, you can build confidence, strengthen your understanding, and be well-prepared for your A-level Maths exams.

Get expert help with your A-Level Maths

The world's leading online A-Level Maths tutoring provider trusted by students, parents, and schools globally.

4.92/5 based on480 reviews

Examples of A-level Maths Questions

To give you a better understanding of the level of difficulty and the types of questions you can expect in A-level Maths, let's explore some examples:

1. Pure Mathematics:

  • Question: Solve the equation √(2x + 5) - 3 = 2.
  • Difficulty Level: This question tests your algebraic manipulation skills and understanding of solving equations involving square roots.
  • Example Solution: The solution involves isolating the square root term and performing the necessary algebraic steps to find the value of x.

2. Mechanics:

  • Question: A particle is projected vertically upwards from the ground with an initial velocity of 20 m/s. Find the time it takes for the particle to reach its maximum height.
  • Difficulty Level: This question involves applying kinematic equations and understanding the concepts of projectile motion.
  • Example Solution: The solution requires using the equations of motion and considering the acceleration due to gravity to determine the time taken to reach the maximum height.

3. Statistics:

  • Question: In a survey, 200 individuals were asked about their preferred mode of transportation. 120 chose cars, 60 chose bicycles, and the rest chose walking. Calculate the percentage of people who prefer walking.
  • Difficulty Level: This question tests your understanding of data interpretation and calculation of percentages.
  • Example Solution: The solution involves subtracting the number of people who chose cars and bicycles from the total sample size and calculating the percentage based on this information.

These examples showcase the range of topics and problem-solving skills required in A-level Maths. Practicing similar questions will help you familiarise yourself with the exam style and enhance your problem-solving abilities.

Benefits of Studying A-level Maths Even if You're Not Pursuing a Math-Related Career

Studying A-level Maths can provide numerous benefits, even if you don't plan to pursue a math-related career. Let's explore some of these advantages:

1. Transferable Skills:

A-level Maths develops essential transferable skills that are highly valued across various disciplines and industries. Skills such as critical thinking, problem-solving, logical reasoning, and analytical abilities are honed through the study of A-level Maths. These skills can benefit you in fields like engineering, computer programming, science, finance, economics, and even in everyday life.

2. Improved Numeracy:

A-level Maths enhances your numeracy skills and improves your ability to interpret and analyse numerical data. This skill is valuable in many professions, such as business, healthcare, research, and public policy, where quantitative analysis and decision-making are essential.

3. University Admissions:

A-level Maths is often considered a facilitating subject by universities, meaning it is highly regarded and can open doors to a wide range of degree courses. Even if you don't plan to pursue a math-related field, having A-level Maths on your academic record can enhance your university applications and provide you with more options when it comes to choosing your desired course.

4. Cognitive Development:

The study of A-level Maths stimulates cognitive development by challenging your logical thinking and problem-solving abilities. It promotes abstract reasoning, strengthens memory, and enhances your overall mental agility. These cognitive skills can positively impact your academic performance in other subjects as well.

5. Future Career Prospects:

Although you may not pursue a math-related career directly, having a strong foundation in A-level Maths can still broaden your career prospects. Many industries require employees with strong analytical skills and the ability to work with data. A-level Maths can provide you with an advantage in fields such as data analysis, market research, finance, engineering, and technology.

By studying A-level Maths, you gain valuable skills, broaden your academic horizons, and enhance your career prospects, even beyond math-related fields.

Exam Structure and Format of A-level Maths

Understanding the exam structure and format of A-level Maths is crucial for effective preparation. Let's explore the key aspects of the A-level Maths exams:

1. Modular Structure:

A-level Maths is typically divided into several modules, with each module focusing on specific topics. The specific modules and their weightage may vary depending on the examination board. It's important to familiarise yourself with the modules and their content to plan your study effectively.

2. Assessment Methods:

A-level Maths exams consist of written papers that assess your understanding of the subject. The exams usually include a combination of multiple-choice questions, short answer questions, and longer, more in-depth questions that require problem-solving and mathematical reasoning.

3. Core and Optional Components:

A-level Maths typically comprises a core component that covers essential topics and an optional component that allows you to specialise in a particular area of interest. The optional component may include modules like Mechanics, Statistics, or Decision Mathematics. The choice of optional modules depends on your interests and the requirements of your chosen examination board.

4. Practical Assessment:

In addition to written exams, some examination boards may require practical assessments in A-level Maths. These assessments aim to evaluate your ability to apply mathematical skills in practical contexts, such as data analysis, modeling, or experimental design. It's important to check the requirements of your specific examination board regarding practical assessments.

5. Grading:

A-level Maths exams are graded based on a numerical scale or a letter grade system, depending on the examination board. The grades typically range from A* (highest) to E (lowest), with A* being the highest achievable grade. The specific grade boundaries may vary from year to year and are set based on the overall performance of candidates.

Understanding the exam structure and format of A-level Maths enables you to plan your study schedule effectively and focus on the specific areas that require attention. It's essential to consult the guidelines provided by your examination board and refer to past papers to familiarise yourself with the format and style of the exams.

Common Misconceptions About A-level Maths Difficulty

There are several common misconceptions surrounding the difficulty of A-level Maths. Let's address these misconceptions and provide a clearer perspective:

1. "A-level Maths is only for the 'mathematically gifted.'"

Contrary to popular belief, A-level Maths is not solely reserved for students who excel in mathematics. While having a strong foundation in maths is beneficial, A-level Maths is designed to be accessible to a wide range of students. With the right support, dedication, and effective study techniques, students of varying abilities can succeed in A-level Maths.

2. "A-level Maths is too challenging compared to GCSE Maths."

While A-level Maths does require a deeper understanding and application of mathematical concepts compared to GCSE Maths, it is not insurmountably difficult. A-level Maths builds upon the knowledge gained at GCSE level and introduces more complex topics. With consistent practice, thorough understanding, and proper guidance, students can overcome the challenges and excel in A-level Maths.

3. "A-level Maths is only for those pursuing math-related careers."

Although A-level Maths is beneficial for students interested in math-related fields like engineering, sciences, or finance, it also offers broader advantages. The skills developed through studying A-level Maths, such as problem-solving, critical thinking, and logical reasoning, are transferable to various disciplines and industries, making it valuable for a wide range of career paths.

4. "You need to be a quick calculator to succeed in A-level Maths."

A-level Maths is not solely about fast calculations. While having good computational skills is important, the emphasis is more on understanding concepts, logical reasoning, and problem-solving abilities. The use of calculators is allowed in most A-level Maths exams, enabling students to focus on the application of mathematical principles rather than manual calculations.

It's important to debunk these misconceptions to encourage students to approach A-level Maths with confidence and a growth mindset. With the right mindset, support, and effective study strategies, A-level Maths can be an achievable and rewarding subject for students of varying abilities.

What Can You Use A-level Maths For?

A-level Maths offers a wide range of practical applications beyond the classroom. Let's explore the various ways you can apply your A-level Maths knowledge:

1. Higher Education:

A-level Maths is a highly regarded qualification for admission to universities and colleges. It can provide a solid foundation for pursuing undergraduate degrees in mathematics, engineering, computer science, economics, finance, physics, and other related fields. Many universities require A-level Maths or consider it a desirable subject for admission to such courses.

2. STEM Careers:

A-level Maths is particularly valuable for careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). Professions such as engineering, architecture, data science, actuarial science, research, and academia often require a strong mathematical background. A-level Maths equips you with the necessary skills and knowledge to excel in these fields.

3. Finance and Business:

The analytical and problem-solving skills developed through A-level Maths are highly sought after in the finance and business sectors. Careers in accounting, investment banking, financial analysis, risk management, and market research require a strong foundation in quantitative reasoning and mathematical modelling.

4. Technology and Computing:

In the era of digital transformation, A-level Maths plays a crucial role in technology and computing careers. Fields like computer science, artificial intelligence, data analysis, cryptography, and software engineering rely on mathematical concepts for algorithm development, data interpretation, and problem-solving.

5. Everyday Life:

A-level Maths has practical applications in our daily lives. From budgeting, understanding mortgage rates, and calculating discounts to analysing data trends and making informed decisions, mathematical skills acquired through A-level Maths are invaluable in various real-life situations.

The versatility of A-level Maths opens up a wide range of career opportunities and provides a solid foundation for further education. It equips you with critical thinking skills, logical reasoning, and problem-solving abilities that are highly valued in today's job market. When paired with certain other A-level subjects, Maths can be a powerful skill that allows you to pursue a wide range of professions.

Transitioning from GCSE Maths to A-level Maths: What to Expect

Transitioning from GCSE Maths to A-level Maths can be an exciting but challenging step. The leap in difficulty and complexity requires students to adjust their approach to learning and problem-solving. Here's what you can expect when transitioning to A-level Maths:

1. Increased Depth and Rigour:

A-level Maths goes beyond the content covered in GCSE Maths and explores topics in greater depth. The level of mathematical rigour increases, requiring you to develop a more sophisticated understanding of concepts and their applications. You'll encounter complex equations, abstract reasoning, and more advanced problem-solving techniques.

2. Emphasis on Independent Learning:

A-level Maths places a greater emphasis on independent learning and self-study. While teachers provide guidance and support, you'll be expected to take more responsibility for your own learning. This includes reading textbooks, engaging with additional resources, and practising problems outside of class. Developing effective study habits and time management skills will be crucial for success.

3. Problem-solving and Mathematical Thinking:

A-level Maths places a strong emphasis on problem-solving and mathematical thinking skills. You'll encounter challenging problems that require analytical thinking, logical reasoning, and creative approaches to find solutions. It's important to develop problem-solving strategies, such as breaking down complex problems into manageable steps and applying appropriate mathematical techniques.

4. Increased Mathematical Notation:

A-level Maths introduces more advanced mathematical notation and symbols. It's important to become familiar with these notations, as they play a significant role in expressing mathematical ideas precisely and concisely. Practice interpreting and using mathematical notation to enhance your understanding and communication of mathematical concepts.

Transitioning to A-level Maths requires dedication, hard work, perseverance, and a willingness to embrace challenges. It's normal to encounter difficulties along the way, but with proper preparation, a growth mindset, and the support of teachers and peers, you can successfully navigate the transition and excel in A-level Maths.

Final Thoughts

A-level Maths presents a significant step up in difficulty and complexity compared to GCSE Maths. As students transition from GCSE to A-level, they should expect increased depth and rigour, a greater emphasis on independent learning, and a focus on problem-solving and mathematical thinking. Despite the challenges, studying A-level Maths offers numerous benefits, including broader career opportunities and the development of valuable skills applicable to various fields. By preparing effectively, seeking support when needed, and embracing the opportunities for growth, students can navigate the demands of A-level Maths and thrive in their mathematical journey.


Is A-Level maths much harder than GCSE?

Yes, A-Level Maths is generally considered to be much harder than GCSE Maths. It involves a higher level of difficulty, increased depth of understanding, and more advanced problem-solving skills. The topics covered in A-Level Maths are more complex and require a greater level of mathematical rigor compared to GCSE Maths. Additionally, A-Level Maths exams are more challenging, and the grading criteria are more stringent. Students transitioning from GCSE to A-Level Maths should expect a significant increase in difficulty but also an opportunity to develop their mathematical abilities to a higher level.

What is the hardest thing in A-Level maths?

The hardest aspect of A-Level Maths can vary depending on individual strengths and weaknesses. However, some topics are commonly regarded as particularly challenging for many students. One of the most demanding areas is often calculus, which involves concepts such as differentiation, integration, and differential equations. The abstract nature of calculus and its complex mathematical techniques can pose difficulties for learners.

What percentage is an A* in A-Level maths?

The percentage required for an A* grade in A-Level Maths can vary from year to year based on the difficulty of the exams. The grade boundaries are determined by the exam board and are not fixed percentages. Grade boundaries are set based on the overall performance of students across the country. Typically, achieving an A* grade in A-Level Maths requires a high percentage of marks, often in the range of 90% or above. However, it's important to note that the specific percentage required for an A* can differ from one exam session to another. To obtain accurate and up-to-date information on grade boundaries for A-Level Maths, it's recommended to consult the official website of the exam board or the school/college where the exams are being administered.

Is A-Level Maths harder than Physics?

Comparing the difficulty of A-Level Maths and A-Level Physics is subjective and depends on individual strengths and interests. A-Level Maths focuses on mathematical concepts and problem-solving, while A-Level Physics deals with understanding the principles of the physical world. The difficulty can vary based on personal preferences and aptitudes. Some may find the abstract nature of pure maths challenging, while others struggle with applying complex physics concepts. It's important to consider your interests and career aspirations when choosing between the two subjects as both require dedication and effort.

What grade do I need to do A-Level maths?

plan to attend. Generally, schools set their own entry requirements for A-Level subjects. It is common for schools to require a minimum grade in GCSE Maths as a prerequisite for studying A-Level Maths. The required grade in GCSE Maths can range from a grade 5 (or equivalent) to a grade 7 or higher, depending on the institution and their specific requirements. Some schools may also consider your overall GCSE performance in addition to your Maths grade.

Need help from an expert?

4.92/5 based on480 reviews

The world’s top online tutoring provider trusted by students, parents, and schools globally.

Study and Practice for Free

Trusted by 100,000+ Students Worldwide

Achieve Top Grades in your Exams with our Free Resources.

Practice Questions, Study Notes, and Past Exam Papers for all Subjects!

Need Expert Maths Help?

If you’re looking to boost your A-Level grades, get in touch with the TutorChase team and we’ll be able to provide you with an expert A-Level Maths tutor. We’ll be there every step of the way!



Professional tutor and Cambridge University researcher

Dr Rahil Sachak-Patwa

Written by: Dr Rahil Sachak-Patwa

Oxford University - PhD Mathematics

Rahil spent ten years working as private tutor, teaching students for GCSEs, A-Levels, and university admissions. During his PhD he published papers on modelling infectious disease epidemics and was a tutor to undergraduate and masters students for mathematics courses.

Get Expert Help
background image

Hire a tutor

Please fill out the form and we'll find a tutor for you

Phone number (with country code)

Still have questions? Let’s get in touch.